Here’s what’s happening around the world this week:
- 26th November 1967 – In a meeting in Frankfurt, representatives of the central banks of the US and six European nations joined to preserve the worldwide price of gold at $35 an ounce. The seven also worked together on a commitment to sustain the UK’s collapsing currency and that of other economies. France, which had pulled out of the “gold pool” five months earlier and was blamed for trying to profit from the crisis, did not participate.
- 27th November 1967 – President Charles de Gaulle announced at a press conference that he would again veto the application by the UK to join the six-member European Economic Community.
- 28th November 1967 – Confirmation of the discovery of the first pulsar was made by astronomers Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish. Bell had first observed the object from the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Britain on August 6 when aiming a radio telescope at the constellation of Vulpecula.
- 29th November 1967 – Ten days after he had made the decision to devalue Sterling, Chancellor of the Exchequer James Callaghan resigned. Home Secretary Roy Jenkins succeeded Callaghan at the financial position, and Callaghan took the position vacated by Jenkins.
- 1st December 1967 – The Jimi Hendrix Experience released its second album, Axis: Bold as Love. In 1994, Guitarist magazine would list the work as the seventh “most influential guitar album of all time” (with Hendrix’s Are You Experienced? at number one
- 2nd December 1967 – Denise Darvall, a 25 year old bank employee in Cape Town, became the first heart donor when she and her mother were run down by a drunk driver. Myrtle Darvall was killed instantly and Denise was rushed to the nearby Groote Schuur Hospital fatally injured. Despite having lost both his wife and daughter, Edward Darvall gave consent to Dr. Christiaan Barnard to have Denise’s heart transplanted into a seriously-ill patient.
- 2nd December 1967 – Full-time colour television programming began in the UK as BBC 2, which had inaugurated the service with a test broadcast from Wimbledon in July, showed its entire evening schedule in colour, starting at 6:30 in the evening with Billy Smart’s Circus.
But here’s what the family are up to in Oxshott:
Sunday 26th November 1967
Frosty but fine day. I’ve washed the car and helped the children make gift cards from last year’s Christmas cards. Philip seems better today.
Monday 27th November 1967
Very busy at the office – Cyril picked me up at 12:30 – saving petrol, I went up with him and home at lunch time!! Cooked this evening. Joan rang.
Tuesday 28th November 1967
Doris had her operation today. KWM (Mr Murray) is quite pleased with me today for stopping a cheque in time – to a wine company that looks a bit shady. Quite busy at the office in spite of devaluation etc. etc. or perhaps because of it!
Wednesday 29th November 1967
Have worked all day, thus increasing my hours of work a little!! Plenty to do there. Busy on my own accounts this evening.
Thursday 30th November 1967
Have had a rushed day – to Esher to the bank at lunch time and rushed home to prepare the lunch, then back to the office – didn’t have my pay cheque though.
Friday 1st December 1967
Only worked until quarter to eleven then went to the Village Centre – bought a few items at the sale. Damp and foggy. Have done the washing and spent my £10 at Cullens!! We were to go to Brownies AGM but Gillian came home from school with a cough and headache. I’ve made some mincepies and cakes this evening.
Saturday 2nd December 1967
Gill and I went for a hair do this afternoon – she did look grown up!! Molly and Ted arrived about five and left at quarter to nine. We played Canasta.
Here’s what’s going on around the world this week in 1967:-
- 19th November 1967 – Forty-two paratroopers of the U.S. Army’s 173rd Airborne division were killed, and 45 injured, when an American F-100 accidentally dropped bombs on a command outpost. The incident of “friendly fire” accounted for most of the American casualties that day.
- 20th November 1967 – Singapore issued its own coins for the first time, in denominations of one, five, ten, twenty and fifty cents and one Singapore dollar. After independence, Singapore had relied upon the Malaya and British Borneo dollar that had been the common currency during its membership in the Malaysian Federation.
- 21st November 1967 – U.S. President Johnson signed the Air Quality Act into law, giving federal government jurisdiction over regulation of air pollution throughout the United States.
- 22nd November 1967 – UN Security Council Resolution 242 was adopted, establishing a set of principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab/Israeli peace settlement including the return of captured territories in return for the Arab nations’ acknowledgment of Israel’s right to exist as a nation. The wording of the resolution had been negotiated through the efforts of the United Kingdom’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Lord Caradon. The resolution called upon Israel to withdraw from the territories that it had captured during the Six Day War, and for the Arab nations to recognize Israel’s right to exist. Egypt and Jordan accepted the resolution on the condition that Israel withdraw, Israel accepted provided that the Arab states negotiate directly with it and finalize a comprehensive peace treaty. Syria rejected it altogether.
- 22nd November 1967 – Long John Baldry’s Let The Heartaches Begin reached No.1 in the UK.
- 24th November 1967 – In the aftermath of the devaluation of the British pound, investors broke records for the second day in a row in the purchase of gold. Gold dealers in London reported that buying orders were, “arriving in near panic proportions from all over the world”. In Paris, where the daily gold sales had averaged 12.3 million francs before the devaluation, the sale on Friday was 62,8 million.
- 25th November 1967 – Heavy rain began that would lead to the deaths of 462 people in Portugal. Falling on the area in and around Lisbon, 125mm of rain fell in over seven hours causing the River Tagus and its tributaries to overflow. 64 people were killed in the Lisbon suburb of Odivelas, and 90 died in the village of Quintas, but most of the deaths came in Lisbon’s slums, where three million people lived.
- 25th November 1967 – Iran’s first nuclear reactor, the Tehran Research Reactor, was inaugurated at the Amir Abad campus of the University of Tehran. Construction had commenced in 1958.
And here’s what our family are up to back in Oxshott;-
Sunday 19th November 1967
Cyril has done what he set out to do – put all the bulbs in – children helped when they came home from Sunday School. I made the Christmas puds this afternoon.
Monday 20th November 1967
Busy day at the office. Mr. Murray doesn’t seem unduly worried about devaluation and the rise in the bank rate. The daily papers are certainly having a ball – what with the politics and the dreadful foot and mouth disease – the papers and the newsreels are most depressing.
Tuesday 21st November 1967
Feeling down in the dumps today – probably doing too much going to work mornings and afternoons and trying to keep things up to date at home.
Wednesday 22nd November 1967
Cyril didn’t come home to lunch, so I came down for an hour and did some washing and cleaning up. Quite a nice afternoon. Cyril picked the Brownies up at 5:30pm.
Thursday 23rd November 1967
Feeling miserable today – Cyril and I are not the best of friends. Quite a nice, fine day. Letter from our Mur – to my surprise she didn’t tear me off a strip because of my last letter to her.
Friday 24th November 1967
Only intended working this morning. Went to work early and left early. Came home and cooked the lunch, did some washing and finished preparing fruit and tin for Christmas cake. Then I went to the Christmas Fair and baked the Christmas cake this evening.
Saturday 25th November 1967
Philip coughing slightly so he stayed in bed all morning. Gill and I went to Esher Library and did some (only a little owing to funds – lack of!) Christmas shopping! Gill and I went again to the Christmas Fair. I won a bottle of sherry on the bottle stall. Had a chicken dinner this evening.
Here’s what’s going on around the world this week:
- 12th November 1967 – American Airlines Flight 455 from Chicago to San Diego was damaged by a crudely made bomb that exploded in the baggage compartment. The plane, with 81 passengers and crew on board, was able to land safely despite the explosion because most of the blasting caps failed to detonate. The FBI traced the crime to Earle T. Cook, whose wife had been one of the passengers.
- 13th November 1967 – The People’s Assembly of Albania approved Decree 4337, annulling the statutes that guaranteed freedom of religion, as part of president Enver Hoxha’s goal of making Albania “the world’s first atheist state”.
- 14th November 1967 – Born: Letitia Dean and Mary Woodvine, English actresses who portrayed Sharon Watts and Mary Harkinson in EastEnders.
- 15th November 1967 – Greek Army General Georgios Grivas, commander of the Greek Cypriot National Guard, ordered an attack on the Turkish Cypriot villages of Kophinou and Ayios Theodhoros, killing 28 Turkish Cypriot civilians and triggering a crisis that almost led to a war between Turkey and Greece.
- 17th November 1967 – Acting on optimistic reports he had been given by General William Westmoreland and Ambassador to South Vietnam, Ellsworth Bunker, President Johnson said at a press conference that the war in Vietnam was going well. “We are pleased with the results that we are getting”, he said, “We are inflicting greater losses than we are taking.”
- 18th November 1967 – The British pound was devalued by 14.3% from an exchange rate of $2.80 USD to $2.40. Chancellor James Callaghan, explained that the devaluation had been required by the International Monetary Fund to secure loans to the UK of three billion U.S. dollars. Ireland and Denmark announced that they would soon cut the value of their currencies as well. The decision would trigger an economic crisis worldwide. Israel, Spain and Hong Kong would join in devaluation; New Zealand would devalue by 20% and Iceland by 24.6%.
Here’s what’s keeping Peggy busy in Oxshott:
Sunday 12th November 1967
Took the children on the heath to see the poppy wreaths. Doris rang to say Eileen is very poorly, so Cyril went over this afternoon. Don’t know quite what is wrong with Eileen but Cyril says she looks very ill.
Monday 13th November 1967
Eileen was taken to hospital today, but Doris doesn’t think she will be kept in very long. Not a very nice day, raw and cold. Have coloured and shampooed my hair this afternoon.
Tuesday 14th November 1967
Eileen seems a little better today according to Doris. She may be allowed home on Friday. Cyril in town today so he wasn’t home for lunch. Wives tonight – I don’t really feel like going out. Have fibrositis or something in my arm.
Wednesday 15th November 1967
It’s Friday now so I must hark back!! Think I worked all day – I’m sure I did. Cyril picked Gill up from Brownies. I made fudge for Mary’s Christmas stall on Saturday.
Thursday 16th November 1967
Only worked this morning and played badminton this afternoon, I think for the last time this season. Made more fudge for Mary. Gill packed it all up.
Friday 17th November 1967
Very frosty morning. My car was all iced up and I had a shocking journey to the office. Eileen isn’t any better, I think we shall go and see her on Sunday.
Saturday 18th November 1967
Black day for the country – the pound has been devalued and the bank rate is up to 8%. Cyril and Leonard quite put off their canasta when this news came through. I took Gill to Molesey on Saturday to Mary’s “Gypsy Fayre” – not very thrilling.
Here’s what’s happening around the world this week in 1967:-
- 5th November 1967 – Forty-nine people were killed and 78 injured when a train derailed near Hither Green outside London. Most of the victims were on their way back from a weekend at the seaside in Hastings.
- 5th November 1967 – ATS-3, the third of the Applications Technology Satellite geostationary weather and communications relays, was launched into orbit from Cape Kennedy at 6:37 p.m. from Florida. It was the first satellite with the capability of sending back full color images of the Earth.
- 7th November 1967 – The United Nations General Assembly voted unanimously to approve the Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women.
- 7th November 1967 – Carl Stokes narrowly defeated his opponent to become Mayor of Cleveland. Stokes become the first African American to be elected mayor of a major US city.
- 7th November 1967 – The Canadian Supreme Court upheld the country’s sentencing laws against homosexuality and directed that George Klippert continue to serve, “an indeterminate sentence up to life imprisonment”. Klippert had been convicted of four charges of, “gross indecency” for having consensual sex with other men.
- 8th November 1967 – BBC Local Radio, a network of FM radio stations owned jointly by the BBC and local regional administrations, was launched.
- 9th November 1967 – NASA resumed the Apollo program and successfully launched the first Saturn V rocket, propelling the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft into Earth orbit. The Saturn V broke a record by lifting a payload of 285,000 pounds (129,000 kg), the combined weight of the rocket fuel, the Apollo 4 capsule and a mockup of the lunar module, into orbit.
- 10th November 1967 – Louis Washkansky, a grocery store owner in Cape Town, South Africa, had a consultation with Dr. Christiaan Barnard and volunteered to become the first recipient of a heart transplant from a human donor.
- 11th November 1967 – In Saigon, the US administration told reporters that the estimated number of Communist forces in Vietnam had declined to 242,000 due to, “heavy casualties and plummeting morale”. In reality, the decrease came about because some categories of fighters had been dropped from the estimate in order to maintain the public position that the total was less than 300,000. CIA documents released in 1975 indicated that the strength of the enemy had actually been 600,000 during 1967.
Here’s what’s happening back in Oxshott:-
Sunday 5th November 1967
Forgot it was church parade this morning so we didn’t go to church. Cyril and I played Monopoly all afternoon with the children. I’ve been to Pyrford with Mary to see David.
Monday 6th November 1967
Gill woke up in tears this morning and said she had been awake all night with a headache so I left her in bed – she is running a slight temperature too.
Tuesday 7th November 1967
Gillian stayed in bed again today. I went off to Esher at 8:30am – nearly broke my arms doing a month’s shopping at Pricerite for double stamps. Have the auditors in at the office.
Wednesday 8th November 1967
Foggy morning, but turned out to be a lovely afternoon. Gill has spent the whole day in bed. I brought some work home this afternoon. Philip bright and cheerful even though he had a wakeful night.
Thursday 9th November 1967
Cyril didn’t come home to lunch today so Gill and I had omelette. I had to go back to work for a short while – 1¾hrs – picked Phil up and we played Monopoly when we got home. Kind Cyril, he went out and bought me 4 galls petrol!!
Friday 10th November 1967
Didn’t work this afternoon – did my washing instead and about 2 hours gardening. Gill up and dressed this afternoon.
Saturday 11th November 1967
A mixed-up Saturday! Eileen Buchan took Phil to the Lord Mayor’s show with Andrew. They had a lovely day – Gillian went to London Airport with Cyril to meet Ron F – back from USA – I had a busy time in Esher. Very busy. Ordered Phil’s Christmas present. Drove to Stockwell – other side of Clapham Common this afternoon to help at Ruth’s (Mary’s sister) Annual event. Home at 6:30pm.