Here’s what’s going on in the world at Christmastime 1967:
- 24th December 1967 – The People’s Republic of China tested a missile with a thermonuclear warhead and had to destroy it prematurely after the rocket went off course.
- 26th December 1967 – The Beatles’ film Magical Mystery Tour premièred as a made-for-television movie on BBC1 in the United Kingdom.
- 27th December 1967 – Australia won the 1967 Davis Cup in tennis for the third year in a row, and for the 15th time in the past 18 years, when the doubles team of John Newcombe and Tony Roche defeated Spain’s team of Manuel Santana and Manuel Orantes in straight sets.
- 29th December 1967 – The term black hole, to describe an area of gravitational collapse where the pull is so great that even visible light is unable to escape, was coined by Princeton University physicist John Archibald Wheeler at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
- 30th December 1967 – The United Kingdom’s House of Lords made an interpretation of gaming laws that required the banning of the zero from roulette wheels, or any other feature in roulette where the bettor would be put at a disadvantage. The Lords concluded that since, in “zero roulette”, the gambling house had a 3 percent advantage over the bettor, the feature was a violation of British gaming law requirements.
- 31st December 1967 – Motorcycle daredevil Evel Knievel attempted to jump 141 feet (43 m) over the Caesars Palace Fountains on the Las Vegas Strip. Knievel crashed on landing and the accident was caught on film.
Here’s what’s keeping Peggy and the family busy back in Oxshott:
Sunday 24th December 1967
Am on bitter lemon today – and have been to bed this afternoon – went into Phyl & Stan’s this morning. Great excitement of course but the children went to bed early. Didn’t get the stockings into their rooms until 4:15am!!
Christmas Day – Monday 25th December 1967
We were up and about quite early – children very pleased with their gifts. Gillian not too well – very late going to sleep last night because of a loose tooth. We all had nice presents. Cyril gave me nylons, slippers, Faberge perfume and chocs. We had a late Christmas Day lunch. Cyril not at all well and went to bed early. I played cards next door.
Boxing Day – Tuesday 26th December 1967
Joan rang, all hoarse voiced to say they couldn’t come today because of ‘flu. We had the neighbours in for drinks and played cards in the evening. I’m still coughing, so is Cyril, Gill still not quite fit.
Wednesday 27th December 1967
Back to work for me and what a pile of it! Cyril rang at noon to say Anne and Alan were here – so I came home until 2pm.
Thursday 28th December 1967
Philip now running a temperature. Rang Doctor Little and he has prescribed an anti-biotic. I went to work until one o’clock. Played cards with M & L.
Friday 29th December 1967
Philip not at all well. Running quite a high temperature and coughing a lot. Mr M gave me a £10 Christmas bonus – but forgot last month’s £4.4.6d. I’m feeling a bit browned off with the office management. Had my hair done this afternoon and did a load of washing which has dried.
Saturday 30th December 1967
Only had village shopping this morning which Gill and I did. Then we came back and played two games of ‘Sorry’ with Philip (he is still running a temperature). Gill and I went out again to Leatherhead and bought Phil a dressing gown.
Sunday 31st December 1967
Philip about the same. We had an early lunch then left for the Theatre at 2pm. Picked up Gillian Stephens and Sarah. Had a cuppa before going into the very smart Odeon on St Martin’s Lane. Saw ‘Thoroughly Modern Millie’ and enjoyed it (an expensive afternoon out though!). Home about 8pm. And so to the end of 1967, which has been a bad year for the country.
Here’s what’s happening around the world this week in 1967:–
- 17th December 1967 – The Prime Minister of Australia, Harold Holt, disappeared while swimming in the sea near Portsea, Victoria. A search by 200 people failed to find him.
- 19th December 1967 – The United Nations General Assembly approved Resolution 2345, “The Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space”.
- 19th December 1967 – The Royal Navy frigate HMS Minerva engaged a French oil tanker, the Artois, which was attempting to run the British blockade of the Mozambique port of Beira to stop shipments of oil from Rhodesia. The Captain of the Minerva issued a “Stop or I Fire” directive which the French vessel’s captain, Daniel Remaud ignored. Despite four warning shots, the Artois proceeded to dock at Beira anyway.
- 21st December 1967 – Representatives of the kingdoms of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Libya announced that they would form the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries(OAPEC). Membership was open to oil exporting Arab nations with a goal of making economic decisions independent of the political goals of the other Arab League members.
- 21st December 1967 – Died: Louis Washkansky, 55, the first human heart transplant, died 18 days after the landmark surgery by Dr. Christiaan Barnard. Washkansky’s anti-rejection therapy had been successful in preventing organ rejection but had depleted his immune system and in the frantic battle to fight rejection, Barnard had overlooked the simple diagnosis of pneumonia which ultimately killed his patient.
- 23rd December 1967 – On his way back from the memorial service for Australian Prime Minister Holt, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson made an unannounced Christmas visit to American troops in South Vietnam. Following the visit, Johnson flew westward to Karachi to meet with the President of Pakistan and from there he traveled to Rome, where he was greeted by Italy’s President Giuseppe Saragat. A U.S. Army helicopter then flew him to the Vatican to meet with Pope Paul VI for an hour. It would be reported later that “Johnson irritated the pope by his hastily arranged helicopter landing in the Vatican gardens”, and that, according to the Time, the Pope “slammed his hand on to his desk and shouted at Johnson.”
And in the week before Christmas, Peggy’s kept busy in Oxshott:-
Sunday 17th December 1967
Put the tree up this afternoon, so great excitement. Have been trying to do my accounts but seem to be about £40 out!!!!
Monday 18th December 1967
Feeling sore-throaty today – hope I’m not cooking up a cold for Christmas! Snow to wake up to this morning – it has since turned to rain. Finished icing my cake tonight.
Tuesday 19th December 1967
Cyril and I went up to Liz Burgess’ tonight for coffee and punch evening! Mrs Boyce sat in for us. I still have a bit of a sore throat and cough. Taking brandy for it.
Wednesday 20th December 1967
Still coughing! I hope I don’t get an attack at the luncheon tomorrow. Worked all day and we went to the Carol Service in Church this evening. Cyril got the turkey this morning. 15lb 1oz @ 4/6 per lb. £3.7.9d
Thursday 21st December 1967
Luncheon at The Fairmile.
In spite of my misgivings I quite enjoyed the luncheon – but feeling rotten when I got home so went to bed. Chest very sore from coughing.
Friday 22nd December 1967
Went to see Dr. L. this morning – he put me on Penicillin. Did a bit of shopping and back home to bed. I can ill afford the time to stay in bed.
Saturday 23rd December 1967
In bed most of the day. Cyril has had to do all the shopping. I don’t even feel much like a Christmas drink. News that Tim is poorly again has distressed me a great deal. He has to go to see the specialist on 27th.
Here’s what’s happening around the world this week:
- 10th December 1967 – Project Gasbuggy, the first commercially sponsored nuclear test, took place in New Mexico as part of a government study of peaceful uses of the atomic bomb. The explosion was designed to improve natural gas extraction by fracturing rock formations and did provide greater gas flow but, as one author would comment later, “nobody would buy gas that they feared might be radioactive”.
- 11th December 1967 – The the British/French Concorde, was rolled out of a hangar in Toulouse for its first public appearance. The plane was designed to carry 130 passengers at speeds of up to Mach 2.2 (2,300 km/h)) and was originally set to make its first flight in February, 1968. The plane would not be flown, however, until March 1969.
- 12th December 1967 – Following an appeal, the nine-month jail sentence for Rolling Stones guitarist Brian Jones was set aside by Lord Parker, the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. Jones had been convicted of possession of marijuana, but Lord Parker concluded that his history of depression and the potential for suicide merited a lesser punishment of a £1,000 fine and three years probation.
- 13th December 1967 – King Constantine II of Greece attempted to lead a countercoup against the military that had controlled the government since April, but in seeking broad support from Greek political forces, he had virtually announced his plans before setting off for the military bases in Larissa and Kavala. He had also misjudged support from the US government, which had concluded that, “considering the monarchy’s record, a victory for the King would not signify the return to a legitimate and stable democratic system.”
- 14th December 1967 – A team of biochemists at Stanford University, led by Nobel Prize winner Arthur Kornberg, announced that they had synthesised DNA and created the first artificial virus.
- 15th December 1967 – The Silver Bridge between Point Pleasant, West Virginia and Gallipolis, Ohio collapsed without warning under the weight of rush hour traffic. At the time, 31 vehicles were on the center span of the 210m bridge, and either fell 24m into the Ohio River or into a pile of debris on the shoreline. Forty-six people were killed including two swept away in the current and never recovered.
- 15th December 1967 – NASA’s Apollo Site Selection Board narrowed down its list of targets for the first manned landing on the Moon to three sites, one of which would be the prime location, and two backups spaced in lunar longitude to accommodate successive 2-day delays in launch. The prime site would be in the Mare Tranquillitatis.
And here’s what’s keeping Peggy busy:
Sunday 10th December 1967
Snow was still lying this morning so I took Phil on the heath with the sledge. I was very tired by the time we got home. Gillian is up and about again. Joan rang while I was in the bath. Did the Christmas cards tonight.
Monday 11th December 1967
Snow is beginning to thaw. I used my bumper-less car this afternoon for the first time.
Tuesday 12th December 1967
Not feeling very well today. Went to Claygate at lunch time to change Phil’s B.B.motor. Cyril wasn’t home to lunch. Wives Club tonight.
Wednesday 13th December 1967
Worked till the children came out of school at 3:15pm – Great secrecy as I think Gillian was buying me a present!! Cyril went to Hogg Robinson’s (Government shipping agents) party in town.
Thursday 14th December 1967
Phil’s party – helping at school.
Cyril went off with my car keys this morning! – he picked me up at lunchtime. Didn’t go back to work – as I helped at Phil’s party. We have done all the parcels for posting tonight – that’s going to cost a packet!
Friday 15th December 1967
I was right – they cost me 20/8d! (someone else can work that out!) Have done a lot of spending today. Went to Esher at lunch time – back to work – then to Cobham after school. Philip had his hair cut.
Saturday 16th December 1967
We shopped in Leatherhead – I bought Gill a dress and some silver party shoes. Very elegant. We had a foul journey to Welling – got there about 12:30. We went to see Eileen – she’s a bit better. Had a very nice lunch. Laurie came during the afternoon – he took Gill and Phil out in his bubble car (a Messerschmitt). We lost our way back to town so we didn’t see the lights!! Home about 9pm.
Here’s what’s happening in the world this week:
- 3rd December 1967 – Greece and Turkey announced their agreement to UN Secretary General U Thant’s request to withdraw their troops from Cyprus and dismantle paramilitary forces on the island. Cyprus agreed the next day to the proposal bringing an end to the crisis that had started on November 15.
- 4th December 1967 – The Poor People’s Campaign was announced by Martin Luther King, Jr. with the objective to call attention to, and bring an end to, poverty among White, Hispanic, Native American and African American people in the United States.
- 5th December 1967 – Dr. Benjamin Spock, known to millions as the author of the bestselling guide to parenting, The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care, was among 263 anti-war protesters arrested for occupying the Whitehall induction center in New York City.
- 6th December 1967 – Three days after the first human heart transplant, in South Africa, a team of surgeons at the Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, New York, performed the second heart transplant. Jamie Scudero, less than three weeks old and dying of tricuspid atresia, was given the heart of an anencephalic baby. Scudero initially appeared to do well but died seven hours after surgery had been completed.
- 7th December 1967 – Three days before his death (in a plane crash), Otis Redding recorded the song that would become the number one best selling song in the United States, “(Sittin’ On) The Dock of the Bay”.
- 8th December 1967 – Magical Mystery Tour was released by The Beatles as a double EP album, with a total of six songs from the television movie soundtrack of the same name. On the same day, The Rolling Stones released their only psychedelic rock album, Their Satanic Majesties Request. The originally proposed title, “Her Satanic Majesty Requests”, a parody of the directions on British passports, had been rejected by Decca Records.
- 9th December 1967 – The ability of some species of birds to fly under conditions of very low temperature and atmospheric pressure was confirmed when a military aircraft checked out a radar report of an object at high altitude passing at low speed over Northern Ireland. The pilot reported that the cause was a flock of 30 swans at an altitude of over 8,200 meters (26,900 feet or more than five miles). The air temperature was -48° C.
Here’s what’s going on back in Oxshott:
Sunday 3rd December 1967
Went over to see Eileen this afternoon – after a very early lunch. Found her looking not too bad. Afterwards saw Doris. She is very tired. Home at 5:30.
Monday 4th December 1967
Banged my eye on the corner of the car door – scratched all across the lid and drew blood!!! It’s very sore and painful and I’ve a headache! Wrote to Mur, Dad and Maggie.
Tuesday 5th December 1967
Bill & Ivy’s Silver Wedding
Had a nasty shock this afternoon – sitting in the car with the children up Oakshade Road, when I got hit on the side by a Rover – door of the Rover flew open as it was passing. Poor Anglia is very knocked about. Had a drink with Bill and Ivy to celebrate their 25 years.
Wednesday 6th December 1967
Missed my four wheels today. However, I managed. Still haven’t done my Christmas cards or anymore shopping.
Thursday 7th December 1967
Cyril didn’t come home to lunch so I stayed at the office all day. Very cold and frosty again. Wrote to Eileen.
Friday 8th December 1967
My goodness, we woke up to a white world. Quite a snowfall – my error – we didn’t wake to it. It started at 7am. Traffic was chaotic. Cyril couldn’t get up the hill and had a half day! Put shelves up in the children’s rooms. (You don’t learn to drive in Oxshott without being able to do a hill start – steep hill up to main road in the village, whichever way you go! Used to hate turning right there!)
Saturday 9th December 1967
Bitterly cold and icy roads. However, Cyril dropped me off in Esher and I took the bus to Kingston. Was there soon after 9:30. Shopped and shopped and shopped – and almost finished it! Had a miserable lunch though. Gillian was very sick while I was out. Cyril came and picked me up at 3:15 – it was snowing heavily by then. Bill started on my car.
Here’s what’s happening around the world this week:
- 26th November 1967 – In a meeting in Frankfurt, representatives of the central banks of the US and six European nations joined to preserve the worldwide price of gold at $35 an ounce. The seven also worked together on a commitment to sustain the UK’s collapsing currency and that of other economies. France, which had pulled out of the “gold pool” five months earlier and was blamed for trying to profit from the crisis, did not participate.
- 27th November 1967 – President Charles de Gaulle announced at a press conference that he would again veto the application by the UK to join the six-member European Economic Community.
- 28th November 1967 – Confirmation of the discovery of the first pulsar was made by astronomers Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish. Bell had first observed the object from the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Britain on August 6 when aiming a radio telescope at the constellation of Vulpecula.
- 29th November 1967 – Ten days after he had made the decision to devalue Sterling, Chancellor of the Exchequer James Callaghan resigned. Home Secretary Roy Jenkins succeeded Callaghan at the financial position, and Callaghan took the position vacated by Jenkins.
- 1st December 1967 – The Jimi Hendrix Experience released its second album, Axis: Bold as Love. In 1994, Guitarist magazine would list the work as the seventh “most influential guitar album of all time” (with Hendrix’s Are You Experienced? at number one
- 2nd December 1967 – Denise Darvall, a 25 year old bank employee in Cape Town, became the first heart donor when she and her mother were run down by a drunk driver. Myrtle Darvall was killed instantly and Denise was rushed to the nearby Groote Schuur Hospital fatally injured. Despite having lost both his wife and daughter, Edward Darvall gave consent to Dr. Christiaan Barnard to have Denise’s heart transplanted into a seriously-ill patient.
- 2nd December 1967 – Full-time colour television programming began in the UK as BBC 2, which had inaugurated the service with a test broadcast from Wimbledon in July, showed its entire evening schedule in colour, starting at 6:30 in the evening with Billy Smart’s Circus.
But here’s what the family are up to in Oxshott:
Sunday 26th November 1967
Frosty but fine day. I’ve washed the car and helped the children make gift cards from last year’s Christmas cards. Philip seems better today.
Monday 27th November 1967
Very busy at the office – Cyril picked me up at 12:30 – saving petrol, I went up with him and home at lunch time!! Cooked this evening. Joan rang.
Tuesday 28th November 1967
Doris had her operation today. KWM (Mr Murray) is quite pleased with me today for stopping a cheque in time – to a wine company that looks a bit shady. Quite busy at the office in spite of devaluation etc. etc. or perhaps because of it!
Wednesday 29th November 1967
Have worked all day, thus increasing my hours of work a little!! Plenty to do there. Busy on my own accounts this evening.
Thursday 30th November 1967
Have had a rushed day – to Esher to the bank at lunch time and rushed home to prepare the lunch, then back to the office – didn’t have my pay cheque though.
Friday 1st December 1967
Only worked until quarter to eleven then went to the Village Centre – bought a few items at the sale. Damp and foggy. Have done the washing and spent my £10 at Cullens!! We were to go to Brownies AGM but Gillian came home from school with a cough and headache. I’ve made some mincepies and cakes this evening.
Saturday 2nd December 1967
Gill and I went for a hair do this afternoon – she did look grown up!! Molly and Ted arrived about five and left at quarter to nine. We played Canasta.
Here’s what’s going on around the world this week in 1967:-
- 19th November 1967 – Forty-two paratroopers of the U.S. Army’s 173rd Airborne division were killed, and 45 injured, when an American F-100 accidentally dropped bombs on a command outpost. The incident of “friendly fire” accounted for most of the American casualties that day.
- 20th November 1967 – Singapore issued its own coins for the first time, in denominations of one, five, ten, twenty and fifty cents and one Singapore dollar. After independence, Singapore had relied upon the Malaya and British Borneo dollar that had been the common currency during its membership in the Malaysian Federation.
- 21st November 1967 – U.S. President Johnson signed the Air Quality Act into law, giving federal government jurisdiction over regulation of air pollution throughout the United States.
- 22nd November 1967 – UN Security Council Resolution 242 was adopted, establishing a set of principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab/Israeli peace settlement including the return of captured territories in return for the Arab nations’ acknowledgment of Israel’s right to exist as a nation. The wording of the resolution had been negotiated through the efforts of the United Kingdom’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Lord Caradon. The resolution called upon Israel to withdraw from the territories that it had captured during the Six Day War, and for the Arab nations to recognize Israel’s right to exist. Egypt and Jordan accepted the resolution on the condition that Israel withdraw, Israel accepted provided that the Arab states negotiate directly with it and finalize a comprehensive peace treaty. Syria rejected it altogether.
- 22nd November 1967 – Long John Baldry’s Let The Heartaches Begin reached No.1 in the UK.
- 24th November 1967 – In the aftermath of the devaluation of the British pound, investors broke records for the second day in a row in the purchase of gold. Gold dealers in London reported that buying orders were, “arriving in near panic proportions from all over the world”. In Paris, where the daily gold sales had averaged 12.3 million francs before the devaluation, the sale on Friday was 62,8 million.
- 25th November 1967 – Heavy rain began that would lead to the deaths of 462 people in Portugal. Falling on the area in and around Lisbon, 125mm of rain fell in over seven hours causing the River Tagus and its tributaries to overflow. 64 people were killed in the Lisbon suburb of Odivelas, and 90 died in the village of Quintas, but most of the deaths came in Lisbon’s slums, where three million people lived.
- 25th November 1967 – Iran’s first nuclear reactor, the Tehran Research Reactor, was inaugurated at the Amir Abad campus of the University of Tehran. Construction had commenced in 1958.
And here’s what our family are up to back in Oxshott;-
Sunday 19th November 1967
Cyril has done what he set out to do – put all the bulbs in – children helped when they came home from Sunday School. I made the Christmas puds this afternoon.
Monday 20th November 1967
Busy day at the office. Mr. Murray doesn’t seem unduly worried about devaluation and the rise in the bank rate. The daily papers are certainly having a ball – what with the politics and the dreadful foot and mouth disease – the papers and the newsreels are most depressing.
Tuesday 21st November 1967
Feeling down in the dumps today – probably doing too much going to work mornings and afternoons and trying to keep things up to date at home.
Wednesday 22nd November 1967
Cyril didn’t come home to lunch, so I came down for an hour and did some washing and cleaning up. Quite a nice afternoon. Cyril picked the Brownies up at 5:30pm.
Thursday 23rd November 1967
Feeling miserable today – Cyril and I are not the best of friends. Quite a nice, fine day. Letter from our Mur – to my surprise she didn’t tear me off a strip because of my last letter to her.
Friday 24th November 1967
Only intended working this morning. Went to work early and left early. Came home and cooked the lunch, did some washing and finished preparing fruit and tin for Christmas cake. Then I went to the Christmas Fair and baked the Christmas cake this evening.
Saturday 25th November 1967
Philip coughing slightly so he stayed in bed all morning. Gill and I went to Esher Library and did some (only a little owing to funds – lack of!) Christmas shopping! Gill and I went again to the Christmas Fair. I won a bottle of sherry on the bottle stall. Had a chicken dinner this evening.
Here’s what’s going on around the world this week:
- 12th November 1967 – American Airlines Flight 455 from Chicago to San Diego was damaged by a crudely made bomb that exploded in the baggage compartment. The plane, with 81 passengers and crew on board, was able to land safely despite the explosion because most of the blasting caps failed to detonate. The FBI traced the crime to Earle T. Cook, whose wife had been one of the passengers.
- 13th November 1967 – The People’s Assembly of Albania approved Decree 4337, annulling the statutes that guaranteed freedom of religion, as part of president Enver Hoxha’s goal of making Albania “the world’s first atheist state”.
- 14th November 1967 – Born: Letitia Dean and Mary Woodvine, English actresses who portrayed Sharon Watts and Mary Harkinson in EastEnders.
- 15th November 1967 – Greek Army General Georgios Grivas, commander of the Greek Cypriot National Guard, ordered an attack on the Turkish Cypriot villages of Kophinou and Ayios Theodhoros, killing 28 Turkish Cypriot civilians and triggering a crisis that almost led to a war between Turkey and Greece.
- 17th November 1967 – Acting on optimistic reports he had been given by General William Westmoreland and Ambassador to South Vietnam, Ellsworth Bunker, President Johnson said at a press conference that the war in Vietnam was going well. “We are pleased with the results that we are getting”, he said, “We are inflicting greater losses than we are taking.”
- 18th November 1967 – The British pound was devalued by 14.3% from an exchange rate of $2.80 USD to $2.40. Chancellor James Callaghan, explained that the devaluation had been required by the International Monetary Fund to secure loans to the UK of three billion U.S. dollars. Ireland and Denmark announced that they would soon cut the value of their currencies as well. The decision would trigger an economic crisis worldwide. Israel, Spain and Hong Kong would join in devaluation; New Zealand would devalue by 20% and Iceland by 24.6%.
Here’s what’s keeping Peggy busy in Oxshott:
Sunday 12th November 1967
Took the children on the heath to see the poppy wreaths. Doris rang to say Eileen is very poorly, so Cyril went over this afternoon. Don’t know quite what is wrong with Eileen but Cyril says she looks very ill.
Monday 13th November 1967
Eileen was taken to hospital today, but Doris doesn’t think she will be kept in very long. Not a very nice day, raw and cold. Have coloured and shampooed my hair this afternoon.
Tuesday 14th November 1967
Eileen seems a little better today according to Doris. She may be allowed home on Friday. Cyril in town today so he wasn’t home for lunch. Wives tonight – I don’t really feel like going out. Have fibrositis or something in my arm.
Wednesday 15th November 1967
It’s Friday now so I must hark back!! Think I worked all day – I’m sure I did. Cyril picked Gill up from Brownies. I made fudge for Mary’s Christmas stall on Saturday.
Thursday 16th November 1967
Only worked this morning and played badminton this afternoon, I think for the last time this season. Made more fudge for Mary. Gill packed it all up.
Friday 17th November 1967
Very frosty morning. My car was all iced up and I had a shocking journey to the office. Eileen isn’t any better, I think we shall go and see her on Sunday.
Saturday 18th November 1967
Black day for the country – the pound has been devalued and the bank rate is up to 8%. Cyril and Leonard quite put off their canasta when this news came through. I took Gill to Molesey on Saturday to Mary’s “Gypsy Fayre” – not very thrilling.